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  • ISSN: 2456-8791

International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

The costs and benefits of kleptoparasitism in frigatebirds: An integrative review

Vidya Padmakumar , Murugan Shanthakumar

Article Info: Received: 13 Mar 2023; Received in revised form: 12 Apr 2022; Accepted: 18 Apr 2023; Available online: 24 Apr 2023

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DOI: 10.22161/ijfaf.7.2.1

Journal : International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)


Kleptoparasitism is a foraging strategy that involves stealing food from other animals. Frigatebirds are seabirds that are known to engage in kleptoparasitism, especially on other nesting seabirds such as boobies and tropicbirds. This paper reviews the kleptoparasitic behavior of frigatebirds, focusing on the factors that influence its occurrence, frequency and success. The ecological and evolutionary implications of kleptoparasitism for frigatebirds and their prey is also assessed. The paper draws on evidence from various studies conducted in different regions of the world, including the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The review indicates that kleptoparasitism is a complex and dynamic behavior that reflects the interactions between frigatebirds and their environment.

kleptoparasitism, frigatebirds, Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea

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